Biographical Information


Genres Grunge[1][2][3], Alternative Rock[4][5], Power Pop[6], Riot Grrrl[7], Pop Rock[8]
  • Courtney Love
  • Eric Erlandson
  • Patty Schemel
  • Melissa Auf der Maur
Former Members
  • Mike Geisbrecht
  • Lisa Roberts
  • Caroline Rue
  • Jill Emery
  • Leslie Hardy
  • Kristen Pfaff
  • Samantha Maloney
  • Micko Larkin
  • Shawn Dailey
  • Stu Fisher
  • Scott Lipps
Date of Formation 1989
Formation Location Los Angeles, California
Years Active 1989–2002, 2010–2012
Associated Acts Faith No More, Janitor Joe, RRIICCEE

The following article has been taken from Wikipedia's "Hole" article. You can view the original article here.

Hole was an American alternative rock band formed by singer and guitarist Courtney Love and lead guitarist Eric Erlandson in Los Angeles, California in 1989. Influenced by Los Angeles' punk rock scene, and produced by Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth, the band's debut album, Pretty on the Inside (1991), attracted critical interest from British and American alternative press. Their second album, Live Through This, released 1994 by DGC Records, which featured less aggressive melodies and more restrained lyrical content, was widely acclaimed and reached platinum status within a year of its release. Their third album, Celebrity Skin (1998), which garnered them four Grammy nominations, marked a notable departure from their earlier punk influences, boasting a more commercially viable, "mature" sound.

The band had a revolving line-up of bassists and drummers, their most prolific being drummer Patty Schemel, and bassists Kristen Pfaff (d. 1994) and Melissa Auf der Maur. In 2002 the group disbanded to pursue other projects. Eight years later in 2010, Hole was reformed by Love with new members, despite Erlandson's claim that the reformation breached a mutual contract he had with Love. The reformed band released the album Nobody's Daughter (2010), which had originally been conceived as Love's second solo album. In 2013, Love retired the Hole name, releasing new material and touring as a solo artist.

Hole has been noted for being one of the most commercially successful female-fronted rock bands of all time, selling over three million records in the United States alone and having a far-reaching influence on contemporary female artists. Music and feminist scholars have also recognized the band as the most high-profile musical group of the 1990s to discuss gender issues in their songs, due to Love's aggressive and violent lyrical content, which often addressed themes of body image, abuse, and sexual exploitation.

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